Sunday, August 14, 2016

Counting in German! Dank, FluentU

Ways You Can Practice Numbers and Counting

Reading through a list of numbers (like we’re going to do in a bit), is a necessity when getting started. But you’ll never commit those numbers to memory or learn to count in German if you don’t practice on a daily basis.
Here are some ways to bring counting into your schedule:
  • Count your steps. Start counting the steps (in German) every time you go up or down a set of stairs. This will become habit and ingrain the counting process into your head without even knowing it.
  • Bring German numbers and counting into your cooking. If you’re one of those folks who likes to cook for yourself at home, consider printing out recipes in German. Even if you’re using a recipe in English, several numbers are scattered throughout the ingredients and procedures, so when you need to count out how many cups are being used in a recipe, do it in German.
  • Put it to a tune. Sometimes it’s much easier to remember the sequence of numbers when a melody is put behind it. Therefore,check out videos like this one to get a song stuck in your head.
  • Bring your German counting to the gym. Whether lifting weights or doing crunches, counting your reps and sets comes into play for improving yourself physically. This is the perfect time to run through your German counting in your head or out loud.
  • Call out German numbers when flipping through channels. Watching TV doesn’t always have to be mind numbing. In fact, many people have thousands of channels, so this gives you a chance to look at a number like 653 and say it out loud in German.

Counting from 1 to 20

Click “Pronunciation” next to any number to hear it pronounced in German.

Counting from 21 to 99

Once you get past 20, the German numbers start sounding strange compared to English. The number order is backwards with higher numbers (i.e. drei und zwanzig for 23.) Looked at literally, this number says “three and twenty,” so you put the ones digit number first, include an “und” (and) and say the word “twenty” in German. This process stays consistent all the way up to 99.
If we count by tens, the numbers are pretty straightforward.
But once you work with more specific numbers, you’ll see how the second digit is stated first in German: 
Important: Notice how the teens are slightly different from the the way you’d say numbers like 20 and 30. Zehn (ten) is placed at the end of each word for the teens, while zig or ßig (umpteen) is put at the end for higher numbers.
Take a moment to randomly pick out numbers to see if you can create the German version. Since we’re learning how to count, we recommend starting with sets of 10, so working through a set like 50 to 59 is a great way to get these increments into your head.

Counting to 100, 1000, 10000, 1 Million and Beyond

Once you reach the hundreds, it becomes a little more logical in number sequence.
  • 100 – (ein)hundert
  • 1,000 – (ein)tausend
  • 10,000 – zehntausend
  • 200,000 – zweihunderttausend
  • 1 million – eine Million
Keep in mind, however, that when counting in this high range of numbers, you still use the same structure if you have numbers like 22 or 45 tagged onto the end of the 1,000 or 10,000.
For example:
  • 1,220 – tausendzweihundertzwanzig (To help you out with the number structure in German, the literal translation for this would be “one thousand two hundred twenty.”)
  • 1,221 – tausendzweihunderteinundzwanzig
  • 1,222 – tausendzweihundertzweiundzwanzig
  • 1,223 – tausendzweihundertdreiundzwanzig
As you can see, the sequence of numbers is fairly similar to the way in which you would say it in English, except the words are smashed together and you have to remember to follow the rules for numbers between 20 and 99. So, for 9,999, it would be neuntausendneunhundertneunundneunzig, or more literallynine thousand nine hundred nine and ninety.

Now, Get Counting!

Chances are, you’ll rarely have to count up to one million, but if you’re doing business and counting money, or pulling a Ron Burgundy to impress someone with how many curls you can do, counting in the thousands is not an unheard of practice.
Your best bet is to stick with some of the methods for practicing counting and numbers, so bring German into your workouts, count the number of steps on a staircase and play around with German counting exercises online. After a while, counting in German will become second nature, and you’ll be counting German sheep as you go to bed.

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