Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Katja teaches Passiv!

If you are comfortable "plugging in" those Past Participles ("Partizip 2") at the end of German sentences, while reserving the 2nd spot in the sentence for conjugating the corresponding Helping Verb (either Haben or Sein), and if you are familiar with sentences using Werden to signal future tense, you should be prepared for the logical construction needed for passive sentences, as opposed to active sentences, when the subject directly acts upon the verb.  (Because there is mystery shrouding what- or whom- ever is acting on the verb in passive sentences, the direct object slips in as the new subject.)

Der Apfel       wird        gegessen.
Die Tür          wird         geöffnet. 
Die Eier        werden     gekocht.
Subjekt    +  matching Future  +   PPP
 The eggs         are being        cooked.

Introduction:  Episode 83

Vorgangspassiv ( describing an action )  uses werden
Zustandspassiv (describing a state or result )  uses sein

----/  Clarifying the subject:  use       by     +  dativ            =    von mir
----/  Clarifying the event:    use  through  +  accusative    =   durch den Wind

Vorgangspassiv:  Episode 85

Let's prepare for passive by brushing up on modal verb clusters.

Perfekt Mode with Modalverben (we lose the PPP- form and "haben" is always the Helping Verb):  mögen (möchten), können, dürfen, sollen, wollen, müssen!

Ich habe das sagen können.    Er weiß, dass ich das habe sagen können.

Introducing using Modal Verbs in Perfect mode  Episode 81

All set?  Then let's launch the follow=up!

Passiv mit Modalverben:  Episode 87

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